Year

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2005 Journals

Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
STUDY OF BACTERIALFLORA IN THE INITIAL OROPHARYNGEAL ASPIRATE AND BLOOD OF POTENTIALLY SEPTIC NEONATES
Pauline Alonday-Pugay, MD*, Anna Lisa Ong-Lim, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Keywords: oropharyngeal aspirate, blood culture, potentially septic neonates
Abstract:
There are a considerable number of admissions of neonates because of vertical transmission of infection. The sterility of amniotic fluid is questionable in cases of premature rupture of membrane (PROM), spontaneous preterm labor, and infection.
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE CLINICAL PROFILE AND IMMEDIATE OUTCOME OF PEDIATRIC PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH PLEURAL EFFUSION OR EMPYEMA THORACIS, ADMITTED TO A TERTIARY GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL DURING JANUARY 1998 TO DECEMBER 2000
Dexter D. Cheng, MD*, Alexander O. Tuazon, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Keywords: pleural effusion, empyema thoraces
Abstract:
Objective: To review the clinical characteristics of patients who developed complicated and non-complicated effusions. Design: This study was a case review over a 3-year period (Jan. 1, 1998 to Dec. 31, 2000) of medical records of children aged 3 months to 17yrs with a final diagnosis of pleural effusion or empyema thoracis
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
A RANDOMIZED PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL ON THE USE OF PROBIOTICS IN THE PREVENTION OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS WITH HEMATOLOGIC AND ONCOLOGIC DISEASES
Arlene Grace L. Simon, MD*, Jossie Rogacion, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Keywords: probiotics, nosocomial infection, hematologic, oncologic, duration of hospitalization
Abstract:
Background: Despite measures to decrease its incidence, nosocomial infection remains to be a major problem in most tertiary hospitals. The use of prophylactic antibiotics leads to an increase in bacterial resistance, rather than decreasing the nosocomial infection rate. Other measures have been proposed to combat antibiotic resistance and the development of nosocomial infection, such as the use of probiotics.
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
A FIVE-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE COMMON MICROBIAL ISOLATES AND SENSITIVITY PATTERN ON BLOOD CULTURE OF PEDIATRIC CANCER PATIENTS ADMITTED AT THE PHILIPPINE GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR FEBRILE NEUTROPENIA
Ailyn T. Isais-Agdeppa,MD*, Lulu Bravo,MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Keywords: febrile neutropenia, malignancy, granulocytopenia, absolute neutrophil count, blood culture
Abstract:
Rationale: Febrile neutropenia is a common clinical problem among pediatric cancer patients. This often necessitates hospitalization and immediate empiric broad spectrum antimicrobial therapy. In selecting the initial antibiotic regimen, the type, frequency and antibiotic susceptibilities of the microbial isolates should be considered.
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
IN VITRO STUDY ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF PROBIOTIC MILK AGAINST COMMON PEDIATRIC COMMUNITY ACQUIRED RESPIRATORY PATHOGENS
Simone Rosario C. Cid, MD*, Ma. Carina Cruz, MD*, Vincent Faustino, MD*, Alexander O. Tuazon, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Keywords: probiotics, antimicrobial activity, community, acquired pathogens
Abstract:
Objective: To determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity of probiotic containing milk against community acquired bacterial pathogens in the pediatric age group. Design: Experimental Study
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
THE EFFECT OF TOPICAL APPLICATION OF MUPIROCIN IN INTRAVENOUS CATHETER SITE IN THE INCIDENCE OF SUPERFICIAL PHLEBITIS
Ronald Allan N. Geraldez, MD*, Ma. Liza M. Gonzales, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Key Words: intravenous cannulation, mupirocin, pediatrics, superficial phlebitis, topical antimicrobial
Abstract: 
Background: Superficial phlebitis is a common complication of venoclysis although its incidence especially in pediatric hospital setting is not often known and evaluated. A standard aseptic technique in IV line insertion is observed to decrease its incidence but the use of topical antibiotic is rarely used.
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
CLINICAL CORRELATION OF NEONATAL AND MATERNAL HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AS PREDICTORS OF NEONATAL SEPSIS
Willa Antoniette B. Mayuga, MD*, Pura Flor D. Isleta, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Keywords: Neonatal sepsis, hematological parameters, scoring system, newborn perinatal infection
Abstract: 
Objective: To evaluate the neonatal and maternal clinical manifestations and their hematological parameters, individually and in combination, as parameters which can be used to formulate a scoring system in determining neonatal sepsis?
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
SERUM CONCENTRATION OF PYRAZINAMIDE SUSPENSION IN CHILDREN WITH TUBERCULOSIS: A THERAPEUTIC DRUG MONITORING
Daisy O. Sanchez, MD*, Cecilia C. Maramba, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, UP-PGH Keywords. Pyrazinamide, antituberculosis, therapeutic drug monitoring, pharmacokinetics, tuberculosis
Abstract:
Rationale: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is a process of adjusting drug dosages on the basis of serum drug concentrations for the purpose of optimizing drug therapy. This study introduces the use of TDM in the management of mycobacterial infections.
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Vol. 9 no. 2 July-Dec 2005
THE ANALYSIS OF CLINICAL AND SOCIAL PROFILE OF CONGENITAL RUBELLA SYNDROME SEEN AMONG UP-PGH PATIENTS FROM THE YEARS 1993 – 2002 (A 10 YEAR PREVALENCE REVIEW)
Coralee Lianko Agnas , MD*
*Department of PEdiatrics, UP-PGH Keywords : congenital , epidemiology , socio-demographic , immunization , vaccination
Abstract:
Objectives : 1. To describe the socio-demographic profile of patients with Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) s e e n in UP-PGH for the last 10 years. 2. To compare the clinical profile of patients with Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) seen in UP-PGH
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Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
A COMPARISON OF THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES OF PEDIATRIC RESIDENTS IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS ON ADOLECENT IMMUNIZATION
Leilani I., Tajanlangit, MD*, Mariella Sugue-Cstillio, MD*
*Department of Pediatrics, immunization, adolescents,vaccination, pediatrics practices
Abstract:
Objective: To evaluate the differences in the knowledge, attitudes and practices on adolescent immunization between pediatric residents in public and private hospitals. Study design: Cross sectional analytical study Setting: A survey was done through self-administered questionnaires among pediatric residents in 3 private hospitals and 1 public tertiary hospital. Each respondent completed a questionnaire that contained 21 items on general knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding adolescent immunization.
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Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF RANDOMLY SELECTED REFILLING STATIONS IN THE CITY OF MANILA
Julie Hope Soriano-Pasumbal, MD* and Anna Lisa Ong-Lim, MD*
Abstract:
Objectives: To test the bacterial growth in randomly selected refilling stations in the City of Manila and to determine other characteristics of the refilling stations which could influence positive or negative results.

 

Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AMONG PEDIATRIC PATIENTS AT THE PHILIPPINE GENERAL HOSPITAL
Mary Genevieve Mamauag-Estrada, MD*, Carina Cruz, MD*, Simone Rosario Cid, MD*, Alexander O. Tuazon, MD*
Abstract:
Objective: This study aims to identify clinical risk factors associated with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection among pediatric patients admitted at the Philippine General Hospital and their outcome.
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Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
PROSPECTIVE EVALUATION OF SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AS A COMPLICATION OF MENINGITIS AMONG PEDIATRIC PATIENTS ADMITTED IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL
Maricel G. Landagan, MD*, Marissa B. Lukban, MD*
Abstract:
Background: Deafness or some degree of hearing loss is frequent but unpredictable squealer of meningitis with an obvious implication on the development and education of survivors.
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Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
THE VALUE OF LUMBAR PUNCTURE IN SEPSIS NEONATORUM
Emmalyn M. Cruz, MD*, Rica R. Canseco, MD*, Carmen C. Briones, MD*, Charizza A. Sales, MD*, Pura Flor D. Isleta, MD*, Lorna R. Abad, MD*
keywords: Lumbar puncture, sepsis neonatorum
Abstract:
Introduction: Lumbar puncture is done in neonates diagnosed with sepsis neonatorum to rule out the possibility of meningitis.
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Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
EVALUATION OF THE IMMUNOGENICITY AND RAECTOGENICITY OF A RECOMBINANT YEAST – DERIVED HEPATITIS B VACCINE (TEMREVAC – HB)
Gyneth Lourdes G. Bibera, MD*
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Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
VENTRICULOPERITONEAL SHUNT INFECTIONS IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS ADMITTED AT THE UP-PGH FROM 1999-2001: CLINICAL PROFILE AND PREDISPOSING FACTORS
Eric ET Aragon, MD*, Jedeane C. Mendoza, MD*, Marissa B. Lukban, MD*
Abstract:
The immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a yeast derived recombinant vaccine (TEMREVAC – HB) was evaluated. A total of 91 subjects. Ages 1-67 years old (46 were children, 45 were adults), were enrolled in the trial and were given TEMREVAC – HB using the 5 ug (1-19 years) and 10 ug (over 19 years) dose in a 3 dose vaccine series at 0.1 and 6 months. Sera to determine antibody titers were evaluated twice at 3 months after 1st injection (T3) and 7 months after the 1st infection (T7). A seropositive titer was defined as ?10 mIU/ml. At T3, seroprotection was 70% and 30% respectively in children and adults.
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Vol.9 No.1 Jan-June 2005
MOTHER-REPORTED CONDITIONS WITHIN TWO WEEKS AFTER MASS MEASLES IMMUNIZATION
Maria Cristina D. Reyes, MD*, Ma. Cecilia D. Alinea, MD*
Abstract: Measles ranks high among the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality. It is imperative that steps are taken towards the prompt treatment and eradication of measles infection.
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ARSP2005
THE 2005 ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE SURVEILLANCE DATA
Celia C. Carlos MD*
Keywords: antimicrobial susceptibility, antimicrobial surveillance
Abstract:
Resistance data for 29,782 isolates were reported and analyzed with an increase of 25% from the number reported in 2004. This was mainly due to the increase in the number of bacterial isolates reported for 2005 from twelve out of the 17 sentinel sites, namely Eastern Visayas Regional Hospital (EVR – 79%), Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RTM – 63%), Lung Center of the Philippines (LCP – 54%), San Lazaro Hospital (SLH – 52%), Cotabato Regional Hospital and Medical Center (CMC – 36%), Philippine General Hospital (PGH – 35%), Bicol Regional Teaching & Training Hospital (BRT – 29%), Baguio General Hospital (BGH – 25%), Vicente Sotto Memorial Hospital (VSM – 21%), Zamboanga Medical Center (ZMC – 20%), National Kidney & Transplant Institute (NKI – 16%) and Davao Medical Center (DMC – 11%) which all had significantly more isolates in 2005. However, five sentinel sites had decreased number of reported isolates for 2005, namely: Celestino Gallares Memorial Hospital (GMH), Rizal Medical Center (RMC), University of Santo Tomas Hospital (STU), Far Eastern University Hospital (FEU) and Corazon Locsin Memorial Hospital (MMH). The major contributors of antibiotic susceptibility data were the Philippine General Hospital
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Year

| 1996 199719981999 | 2000 | 20012002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 20102011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 |

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF:
Cecilia Maramba-Lazarte, MD, MScID

ASSOCIATE EDITORS:
Nancy Bermal, MD
Arlene Dy-Co, MD

EDITORIAL BOARD:
Gyneth Bibera, MD
Mary Anne Bunyi, MD
Elizabeth Gallardo, MD
Jonathan Lim, MD
Xenia Cathrine Fabay , MD
Fatima Jimenez , MD
Nanette Cuady-Madrid, MD
Carmina Arriola, MD
Arlene S. Dy-Co, MD
Maria Estrella Balao-Litam, MD, MBA-H
Belle Ranile, MD
Xenia Catherine J. Fabay, MD

JOURNAL MANAGER:
Rea Uy-Epistola